Effect of deprivation and ethnicity on primary macula-on retinal detachment repair success rate and clinical outcomes: A study of 568 patients

George Moussa, Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos, Soon Wai Ch'ng, Kim Son Lett, Arijit Mitra, Ajai K Tyagi, Ash Sharma, Walter Andreatta

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Socio-economic deprivation and ethnic variation have been frequently linked to poorer health outcomes. We collected a large series of primary macula-on rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) cases and analysed the effect of socio-economic deprivation and ethnicity on both six-month retinal re-detachment rate and visual outcomes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective consecutive case series of 568 patients attending Birmingham and Midlands Eye Centre from January 2017-2020. Multiple Indices of Deprivation (IMD) deciles were used for deprivation status and split to two groups: IMD-A (Decile 1-5) and IMD-B (Decile 6-10). The two largest subgroups of ethnicities were compared, White and South Asians (SA).

RESULTS: We report an overall retinal re-detachment rate of 8.5%. IMD-A re-detached significantly more than IMD-B (11.2% vs 6.0% respectively, p = 0.034). No statistical significance was found between White and SA re-detachment rate (9.1% and 5.6% respectively, p = 0.604). SA median age significantly lower at 49 years (IQR: 37-61) compared to White patients at 57 years (IQR: 50-65) (p = <0.001). IMD-A median age of 55 years (IQR: 46-64) was significantly lower to IMD-B median age of 58 years (IQR: 51-65) (p = 0.011). No differences in final visual outcomes were detected across all groups.

CONCLUSION: We demonstrated an increased retinal re-detachment rate in our more deprived patients according to IMD and a younger cohort of SA compared to White ethnicity. Further prospective studies are required to demonstrate the link between socio-economic deprivation and surgical success.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0259714
Number of pages12
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Choroid
  • Ethnicity
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Retrospective Studies

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