Early ward-based acute noninvasive ventilation: a paper that changed practice

Rahul Mukherjee, Rafaella Nenna, Alice Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is now an established evidence-based treatment for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF), predominantly for defined patients admitted with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but also a range of other conditions including obesity-related respiratory failure and chest wall deformities requiring an acute hospital admission. Over the past two decades, there has been a significant shift towards greater use of NIV in place of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) in this group of patients. Here we set out to discuss a landmark paper in this respect: the report of the YONIV trial (Yorkshire Noninvasive Ventilation Trial), published in June 2000, which addressed the key practical questions around the early use of ward-based NIV at the time. A recent narrative review on the epidemiology of NIV for acute respiratory failure in COPD patients concluded that this dramatic increase in NIV use is probably due to the increased experience of the medical teams, treating sicker patients with comorbidities and utilising NIV outside the intensive care unit (ICU), further confirming the pivotal role of the original trial enabling the early use of acute NIV on medical wards.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-155
JournalBreathe
Volume14
Early online date31 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 May 2018

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