Viruses can escape destruction by the immune system by exploitation of the chemokine-chemokine receptor system. It is less established whether human cancers can adopt similar strategies to evade immunologic control. In this study, we show that advanced cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) is associated with selective and efficient inactivation of CXCR3-dependent T cell migration. Our studies demonstrate that this alteration is at least in part due to CXCR3 down-regulation in vivo by elevated serum levels of CXCR3 ligands. The T cell population most affected by this down-regulatory mechanism are CD8(+) cytotoxic effector T cells. In CTCL patients, cytotoxic effector T cells have strongly reduced surface CXCR3 expression, accumulate in peripheral blood, but are virtually absent from CTCL tumor lesions, indicating an inability to extravasate into lymphoma tissue. CTCL-associated inactivation of effector cell recruitment may be a paradigmatic example of a new type of immune escape mechanisms shielding the neoplasm from a tumoricidal attack.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2007|