Does the energy supplied to low-ℓ solar p modes vary over the activity cycle?

William Chaplin, Yvonne Elsworth, George Isaak, Brek Miller, R New, T Toutain

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18 Citations (Scopus)


We report on the average behavior of the excitation and damping of low angular degree (low l) solar p-mode oscillations over the decade from 1991 to 2000 using both long and short time duration Fourier transforms. The data in question were collected by the ground-based Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network. Throughout most of the period under study, the energy supply rate to the modes remains roughly constant-implying a near-constant level of forcing-while the damping and velocity power show a fairly smooth increase and decrease, respectively, in response to increasing levels of solar activity (in line with previous findings). However, here we uncover evidence of there being a sharp increase in the mode velocity power over a brief period of approximately 100 days centered on 1998 late March. The magnitude and sign of this are contrary to the expectation based on the long-timescale, solar-cycle trend; such unusual behavior is absent in the damping. This implies that the forcing of, or rate of energy supplied to, the modes increased in magnitude over this period.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L115-L119
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2003


  • Sun : activity
  • waves
  • Sun : oscillations


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