The proteasome is a cellular machine found in the cytosol, nucleus and on chromatin that performs much of the proteolysis in eukaryotic cells. Recent reports show it is enriched at sites of double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs) in mammalian cells. What is it doing there? This review will address three possibilities suggested by recent reports: in degrading proteins after their ubiquitination at and eviction from chromatin; as a deubiquitinase, specific to the antagonism of ubiquitin conjugates generated as part of the signalling of a DSB; and as a functional component of DNA repair mechanism itself. These findings add complexity to the proteasome as a potential therapeutic target in cancer treatment.
|Publication status||Published - 18 Mar 2013|
- DNA damage
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)