Dissolved Oxygen Control for Activated Sludge Processes

W Chotkowski, Mieczyslaw Brdys, K Konarczak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Controllers for dissolved oxygen reference trajectory tracking for activated sludge processes are proposed and investigated. A nonlinear model predictive controller and a direct reference adaptive controller are investigated. Both the nutrient and the phosphorous removal from a wastewater by its biological treatment using an activated sludge technology are considered. An approach to the controller design utilises a structure of the dissolved oxygen dynamics and its two time scales: fast and slow. The predictive controllers offer good tracking performance and robustness. The direct model reference adaptive controller is much simpler to implement. However, it is more difficult to compromise between tracking accuracy and rate of change and magnitudes of the control actions. The controllers are validated by simulation using real data sets and an ASM2d model of the biological reactor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-736
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Systems Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2005


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