The presence of multiple axon growth inhibitors may partly explain why central nervous system axons are generally incapable of regenerating after injury. Using RNA interference (RNAi) in dorsal root ganglia neurons (DRGN), we demonstrate siRNA-mediated silencing of components of the inhibitory signalling cascade, including p75 NTR, NgR and Rho-A mRNA, of 70%, 100% and 100% of the relevant protein, respectively, while changes in neither protein levels nor cellular immunoreactivity were detected using the relevant scrambled siRNA control sequences. Importantly, after 48 h in culture after siRNA-mediated knockdown of Rho-A, neurite outgrowth was enhanced by 30% compared to that after p75(NTR) and 50% after NgR silencing. By 3 days, a 5-, 3.5- and 6.5-fold increase in beta III-tubulin protein levels were observed compared to controls without siRNA after knockdown of p75 NTR, NgR and Rho-A, respectively. Together, these results suggest that Rho-A knockdown might be the most effective target for a disinhibition strategy to promote CNS axon regeneration in vivo. (c) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2005|