The sulfated regions in heparan sulfate and heparin are known to affect fibroblast growth factor (FGF) function. We have studied the mechanism whereby heparin directs FGF-2-induced FGF receptor-1 (FGFR-1) signal transduction. FGF-2 alone stimulated maximal phosphorylation of Src homology domain 2 tyrosine phosphatase (SHP-2) and the adaptor molecule Crk, in heparan sulfate-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) 677 cells expressing FGFR-1. In contrast, for phospholipase Cgamma(1) (PLCgamma(1)) and the adaptor molecule Shb to be maximally tyrosine-phosphorylated, cells had to be stimulated with both FGF-2 and heparin (100 ng/ml). Tyrosine residues 463 in the juxtamembrane domain and 766 in the C-terminal tail in FGFR-1 are known to bind Crk and PLCgamma(1), respectively. Analysis of tryptic phosphopeptide maps of FGFR-1 from cells stimulated with FGF-2 alone and FGF-2 together with heparin showed that FGF-2 alone stimulated a several-fold increase in tyrosine 463 in the juxtamembrane domain. In contrast, heparin had to be included in order for tyrosine 766 to be phosphorylated to the same fold level. Our data imply that tyrosine 463 is phosphorylated and able to transduce signals in response to FGF-2 treatment alone; furthermore, we suggest that FGFR-1 dimerization/kinase activation is stabilized by heparin.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Experimental Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|