Coarse graining is defined in terms of a commutative diagram. Necessary and sufficient conditions are given in the continuously differentiable case. The theory is applied to linear coarse grainings arising from partitioning the population space of a simple Genetic Algorithm (GA). Cases considered include proportional selection, binary tournament selection, ranking selection, and mutation. A nonlinear coarse graining for ranking selection is also presented. A number of results concerning "form invariance" are given. Within the context of GAs, the primary contribution made is the illustration of a technique by which coarse grainings may be analyzed. It is applied to obtain a number of new coarse graining results. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- form invariance
- coarse graining