Differences in beliefs about COVID-19 by gun ownership: a cross-sectional survey of Texas adults

Renee M Johnson, Cassandra Crifasi, Erin M Anderson Goodell, Arkadiusz Wiśniowski, Joseph W Sakshaug, Johannes Thrul, Mark Owens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: We investigated the association between gun ownership and perceptions about COVID-19 among Texas adults as the pandemic emerged. We considered perceived likelihood that the pandemic would lead to civil unrest, perceived importance of taking precautions to prevent transmission and perceptions that the threat of COVID-19 has been exaggerated.

Methods: Data were collected from 5 to 12 April 2020, shortly after Texas’ stay-at-home declaration. We generated a sample using random digit dial methods for a telephone survey (n=77, response rate=8%) and by randomly selecting adults from an ongoing panel to complete the survey online (n=1120, non-probability sample). We conducted a logistic regression to estimate differences in perceptions by gun ownership. To account for bias associated with use of a non-probability sample, we used Bayesian data integration and ran linear regression models to produce more accurate measures of association.

Results: Among the 60% of Texas adults who reported gun ownership, estimates of past 7-day gun purchases, ammunition purchases and gun carrying were 15% (n=78), 20% (n=100) and 24% (n=130), respectively. We found no evidence of an association between gun ownership with perceived importance of taking precautions to prevent transmission or with perceived likelihood of civil unrest. Results from the logistic regression (OR 1.27, 95% CI 0.99 to 1.63) and the linear regression (β=0.18, 95% CI 0.07 to 0.29) suggest that gun owners may be more likely to believe the threat of COVID-19 was exaggerated.

Conclusions: Compared with those without guns, gun owners may have been inclined to downplay the threat of COVID-19 early in the pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere048094
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ open
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Differences in beliefs about COVID-19 by gun ownership: a cross-sectional survey of Texas adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this