Diagnosis of primary aldosteronism: from screening to subtype differentiation

P Mulatero, RG Dluhy, G Giacchetti, M Boscaro, F Veglio, Paul Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)


Numerous studies conducted in recent years have reported an increase in the prevalence of primary aldosteronism (PA). This increase has arisen because of changes in our screening methods used to detect PA, notably the widespread use of the ratio of plasma aldosterone concentration to plasma renin activity. A positive screening result, however, is not diagnostic and requires a confirmatory test. Strategies for screening and confirmation of PA and the techniques to identify the two main subtypes of PA - aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) and bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (BAH) - are particularly important because hypertension in APA can be cured by adrenalectomy, whereas individuals affected with BAH can receive targeted medical treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-119
Number of pages6
JournalTrends in Endocrinology and Metabolism
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005


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