DFT study of the structure, chemical ordering and molecular adsorption of Pd-Ir nanoalloys

Tian-E Fan, Ilker Demiroglu, Heider A Hussein, Tun-Dong Liu, Roy L Johnston

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The structures and surface adsorption sites of Pd-Ir nanoalloys are crucial to the understanding of their catalytic performance because they can affect the activity and selectivity of nanocatalysts. In this article, density functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed on bare Pd-Ir nanoalloys to systematically explore their stability and chemical ordering properties, before studying the adsorption of CO on the nanoalloys. First, the structural stability of 38-atom and 79-atom truncated octahedral (TO) Pd-Ir nanoalloys are investigated. Then the adsorption properties and preferred adsorption sites of CO on 38-atom Pd-Ir nanoalloys are considered. The PdshellIrcore structure, which has the lowest energy of all the considered isomers, exhibits the highest structural stability, while the PdcoreIrshell configuration is the least stable. In addition, the adsorption strength of CO on Ir atoms is found to be greater than on Pd for Pd-Ir nanoclusters. The preferred adsorption sites of CO on pure Pd and Ir clusters are in agreement with calculations and experiments on extended Pd and Ir surfaces. In addition, d-band center and charge effects on CO adsorption strength on Pd-Ir nanoalloys are analyzed by comparison with pure clusters. The study provides a valuable theoretical insight into catalytically active Pd-Ir nanoalloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27090-27098
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number39
Early online date26 Sept 2017
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2017


  • Journal Article


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