Dextran sulfate triggers platelet aggregation via direct activation of PEAR1

C Vandenbriele, Yi Sun, M Criel, K Cludts, S Van Kerckhoven, B Izzi, T Vanassche, P Verhamme, MJ Hoylaert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Dextran sulfate (DxS; Mr 500 kD) induces fibrinogen receptor (αIIbβ3) activation via CLEC-2/Syk signaling and via a Syk-independent SFK/PI3K/Akt-dependent tyrosine kinase pathway in human and murine platelets. The platelet surface receptor, responsible for the DxS-induced Syk-independent Akt-activation, has hitherto not been identified. We found that DxS elicited a concentration-dependent aggregation of human platelets resulting from direct PEAR1 activation by DxS. Blocking the PEAR1 receptor, in combination with a selective Syk-inhibitor, completely abrogated the DxS-driven platelet aggregation. The DxS-induced Syk-phosphorylation was not affected in Pear1(-/-) platelets, but Akt-phosphorylation was largely abolished. As a result, the aggregation of Pear1(-/-) platelets was reduced and reversible, i.e. aggregates were less stable compared to wild-type platelet aggregates. Moreover, DxS-induced Pear1(-/-) platelet aggregation was fully abrogated by Syk inhibition, indicating that the remaining platelet aggregation of Pear1(-/-) platelets was Syk dependent. Hence, the Pear1/c-Src/PI3K/Akt- and CLEC-2/Syk-signaling pathways are independently and additively activated during platelet aggregation by DxS.

The DxS-induced aggregation of human and murine platelets is the result of activation of PI3K/Akt through direct PEAR1 phosphorylation and parallel Syk-signaling through CLEC-2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365
Number of pages372
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2016


  • PEAR1
  • Platelets


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