Development of MIL-101(Cr)/GrO composites for adsorption heat pump applications

Eman Elsayed, Haiyan Wang, Paul A. Anderson, Raya Al-dadah, Saad Mahmoud, Helena Navarro, Yulong Ding, James Bowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
198 Downloads (Pure)


Adsorption heat pumps can be used for generating heating, cooling, seasonal energy storage and water desalination applications. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are hybrid porous materials with high surface area and superior adsorption characteristics compared to conventional adsorbents. MIL-101(Cr) has a large pore size with water vapour adsorption capacity up to 1.5 gH2O gads−1 and high cyclic stability, and thus has the potential to be used in adsorption heat pumps. This work investigates the enhancement of the thermal conductivity and water adsorption characteristics of MIL-101(Cr) using hydrophilic graphene oxide. Two methods have been used to develop MIL-101(Cr)/GrO composites. The first method was through the physical mixing of GrO and MIL-101(Cr) while the other was through incorporating the GrO during the synthesis process of MIL-101(Cr). The composites and neat MIL-101(Cr) were characterized in terms of their structure, water adsorption uptake, BET surface area, particle size, thermal gravimetric analysis, SEM images and thermal conductivity measurements. Results showed that introducing low amounts of GrO (2%) to the neat MIL-101(Cr) enhanced the water adsorption characteristics at high relative pressure but enhanced the heat transfer properties by 20–30% while using more than 2% of GrO reduced the water adsorption uptake but significantly enhanced the thermal conductivity by more than 2.5 times.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-191
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Early online date7 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017


  • Metal–organic framework
  • Characterization
  • Adsorption
  • Heat pump
  • Thermal conductivity


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