Developing a detailed multi-body dynamic model of a turnout based on its finite element model

Jou Yi Shih*, Ramakrishnan Ambur, Roger Dixon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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This paper proposes a three-layered co-running track model for predicting and analysing the dynamic behaviour of railway turnouts during the passage of trains. It is a multi-body dynamic model with space-dependent track parameters. The method is demonstrated by applying a UIC60-760-1:15 turnout (with curve radius 760 m and turnout angle 1:15). Equivalent track properties are introduced, based on the turnout track flexibility, and the rail receptance and impact force results are compared with the results from a finite element (FE) model. The validation results show a good agreement with those of the FE model, but with far less computational expense in terms of power and time. The new model is found to capture the dominant dynamic behaviour of the turnout across all frequencies up to 2000 Hz. The results have drawn that consideration of higher frequencies is important due to the nature of dynamic forces affecting the crossing region and high-speed cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-738
Number of pages14
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number3
Early online date4 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Turnout
  • co-running track
  • finite element (FE)
  • multi-body simulation (MBS)
  • rail receptance
  • track flexibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanical Engineering


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