Deformation of a Dental Ceramic following Adhesive Cementation

G Isgro, Owen Addison, GJP Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Stress-induced changes imparted in a 'dentin-bonded-crown' material during sintering, annealing, pre-cementation surface modification, and resin coating have been visualized by profilometry. The hypothesis tested was that operative techniques modify the stressing pattern throughout the material thickness. We polished the upper surfaces of 10 ceramic discs to remove surface imperfections before using a contact profilometer (40-nm resolution) to measure the 'flatness'. Discs were re-profiled after annealing and after alumina particle air-abrasion and resin-coating of the 'fit' surface. Polished surfaces were convex, with a mean deflection of 8.4 +/- 1.5 mu m. Mean deflection was significantly reduced (P = 0.029) following alumina particle air-abrasion and increased (P <0.001) on resin-coating. Polishing induced a tensile stress state, resulting in surface convexity. Alumina particle air-abrasion reduced the relative tensile stress state of the contralateral polished surface. Resin-polymerization generated compression within the resin-ceramic 'hybrid layer' and tension in the polished surface and is likely to contribute to the strengthening of ceramics by resin-based cements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-90
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • residual stress
  • deflection test
  • air abrasion
  • ceramic discs
  • resin
  • dental


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