Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widely prevalence herpes virus which establishes a state of chronic infection. The establishment of CMV-specific immunity controls viral reactivation and leads to the accumulation of very large numbers of virus-specific T cells which come to dominate the innume repertoire. There is concern that this may reduce the immune respose to heterologous infections and HCMV infection has been associated with reduce survival in elderly people. Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) suffer from a state of immune suppression but have a paradoxical increase in the magnitude of the CMV-specific T cell and humoral immune response. As such, there is now considerable interest in how CMV infection impacts on the clinical outcome of patients iwth B-CLL. Utilising a large prospective cohort of patients with B-CLL (n=347) we evaluated the relationship between HCMV seropositivity and patient outcome. HCMV seropositive patients had significantly worse overall survival than HCMV negative patients in univariate analysis (HR=2.28, 95% CI: 1.34 to 3.88; p=0.002). However, CMV seropositive patients were 4 years older than seronegative donors and this survival difference was lost in multivariate modelling adjusted for age and other validated prognostic markers (p=0.34). No significant difference was found in multivariate modeling between HCMV positive and negative patients in relation to the time to first treatment (HR=1.12, 95% CI: 0.68 to 1.84; p=0.65). We validated these findings in a second independent cohort of 236 B-CLL patients. In conclusion we have found no evidence that HCMV impacts on the clinical outcome of patients with B-CLL.
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia