Cyclic behaviour and hysteretic model of austenitic stainless steel bolted T-stubs

H. X. Yuan*, X. H. Liu, J. L. Liu, M. Theofanous

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)


The aim of this paper is to investigate the hysteretic behaviour of stainless steel bolted T-stub connections. A total of 22 bolted T-stubs in austenitic grade EN 1.4301 were tested under monotonic loading and cyclic loading under both variable and constant amplitudes. The tested T-stubs were carefully designed with two different bolt configurations and were fabricated with two types of stainless steel bolts – A4–70 and A4–80 thus allowing different failure modes to be obtained. Three additional bolted T-stubs in carbon steel grade Q345B were used as benchmark specimens to facilitate a direct comparison of the performance of carbon and stainless steel T-stubs under cyclic loads. Monotonic loading tests were conducted to acquire basic parameters of the cyclic loading protocols employed in the cyclic loading tests. The hysteretic responses of the tested T-stubs under two variable amplitude loading histories and three proportional constant amplitude loading histories were recorded and were further analysed in terms of failure characteristic, hysteresis response, skeleton curve, energy dissipation and strength degradation. Based on the evolution of the hysteresis curves, standard hysteresis loops were acquired and were used to develop a novel hysteretic model able to simulate the initial loading branch, the unloading branch and reloading branch of the hysteretic response. It has been demonstrated that the developed hysteretic models provide a close agreement with the obtained experimental results and can thus be used to estimate the expected energy dissipation of bolted stainless steel connections subjected to cyclic loads.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106659
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Early online date27 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory for Health and Safety of Bridge Structures (Grant No. BHSKL19-03-KF ), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 51508424 ) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015T80832 ).


  • Bolted connection
  • Cyclic loading test
  • Hysteretic response
  • Prediction model
  • Stainless steel
  • T-stub

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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