The use of biodegradable packaging material as an alternative to conventional petrochemical-based polymers is based on the environmental issues associated with conventional materials. This review aims to update the existing knowledge regarding the application of starch-based biodegradable films for food packaging. From the review, it was evident that starch stands out among biopolymers due to its abundance and cost effectiveness. This review is the first of its kind, having reviewed over 100 articles/publications on starch-based biodegradable films, consolidating their current state of research and their applications for food packaging; therefore, this review provides an insight into the utilization of nanomaterials to improve the shelf life of packaging of food.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments: The authors acknowledge the support of GMRDC, University of Fort Hare, South Africa, and Birmingham University UK.
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Biodegradable film
- Environmental impact
- Food packaging
- Shelf life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Polymers and Plastics