The kinetics of Pd-catalyzed Tsuji-Trost allylation employing simple phosphine ligands (L = Ar3P, etc.) are consistent with turnover-limiting nucleophilic attack of an electrophilic [L2Pd(allyl)]+ catalytic intermediate. Counter-intuitively, when L is made more electron donating, which renders [L2Pd(allyl)]+ less electrophilic (by up to an order of magnitude), higher rates of turnover are observed. In the presence of catalytic NaBAr'F, large rate differentials arise by attenuation of ion-pair return (via generation of [L2Pd(allyl)]+ [BAr'F]-) a process that also increases the asymmetric induction from 28 to 78% ee in an archetypal asymmetric allylation employing BINAP (L*) as ligand. There is substantial potential for analogous application of [M]n+([BAr'F]-)n cocatalysis in other transition metal catalyzed processes involving an ionic reactant or reagent and an ionogenic catalytic cycle.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|