Corrosion properties of active screen plasma nitrided 316 austenitic stainless steel

Chen Li, Thomas Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

230 Citations (Scopus)


AISI 316 austenitic stainless steel has been plasma nitrided using the active screen plasma nitriding (ASPN) technique. Corrosion properties of the untreated and AS plasma nitrided 316 steel have been evaluated using various techniques, including qualitative evaluation after etching in 50%HCl + 25%HNO3 + 25%H2O, weight loss measurement after immersion in 10% HCl, and anodic polarisation tests in 3.5% NaCl solution. The results showed that the untreated 316 stainless steel suffered severe localised pitting and crevice corrosion under the testing conditions. AS plasma nitriding at low temperature (420 degreesC) produced a single phase nitrided layer of nitrogen expanded austenite (S-phase), which considerably improved the corrosion properties of the 316 austenitic stainless steel. In contrast, AS plasma nitriding at a high temperature (500 degreesC) resulted in chromium nitride precipitation so that the bulk of the nitrided case had very poor corrosion resistance. However, a thin deposition layer on top of the nitrided case, which seems to be unique to AS plasma nitriding, could have alleviated the corrosion attack of the higher temperature nitrided 316 steel. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1547
Number of pages21
JournalCorrosion Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004


  • corrosion
  • nitriding
  • polarisation
  • immersion
  • stainless steel


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