Correlating the lifetime and fluorine content of iridium(III) emitters in green light-emitting electrochemical cells

Daniel Tordera, Juan J. Serrano-Pérez, Antonio Pertegás, Enrique Ortí, Henk J. Bolink, Etienne Baranoff, Md Khaja Nazeeruddin, Julien Frey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In light-emitting electrochemical cells, the lifetime of the device is intrinsically linked to the stability of the phosphorescent emitter. In this study, we present a series of ionic iridium(III) emitters based on cyclometalating phenylpyridine ligands whose fluorine substituents are varied in terms of position and number. Importantly, despite these structural modifications, the emitters exhibit virtually identical electrochemical and spectroscopic properties, which allows for proper comparison in functional devices. Quantum-chemical calculations support the properties measured in solution and suggest great similarities regarding the electronic structures of the emitters. In electroluminescent devices, the initial luminance, efficiency, and efficacy are also relatively unaffected throughout the series. However, a shorter device lifetime is obtained upon increasing the fluorine content of the emitter, which suggests drawbacks of such electron-withdrawing substituents for the design of ionic iridium(III) emitters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3391-3397
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume25
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • electroluminescent devices
  • iridium emitters
  • stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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