Context. The advent of asteroseismology as the golden path to precisely characterize single stars naturally led to synergies with the field of exoplanetology. Today, the precise determination of stellar masses, radii and ages for exoplanet-host stars is a driving force in the development of dedicated software and techniques to achieve this goal. However, as various approaches exist, it is clear that they all have advantages and inconveniences and that there is a trade-off between accuracy, efficiency, and robustness of the techniques.
Aims. We aim to compare and discuss various modelling techniques for exoplanet-host red giant stars for which TESS data are available. The results of the seismic modelling are then used to study the dynamical evolution and atmospheric evaporation of the planetary systems.
Methods. We study, in detail, the robustness, accuracy and precision of various seismic modelling techniques when applied to four exoplanet-host red giants observed by TESS. We discuss the use of global seismic indexes, the use of individual radial frequencies and that of non-radial oscillations. In each case, we discuss the advantages and inconveniences of the modelling technique.
Results. We determine precise and accurate masses of exoplanet-host red giant stars orbited by long-period Jupiter-like planets using various modelling techniques. For each target, we also provide a model-independent estimate of the mass from a mean density inversion combined with radii values from Gaia and spectroscopic data. We show that no engulfment or migration is observed for these targets, even if their evolution is extended beyond their estimated seismic ages up the red giant branch.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgements. We thank the referees for their suggestions and careful reading of the manuscript. G. B. acknowledges fundings from the SNF AMBIZIONE grant No. 185805 (Seismic inversions and modelling of transport processes in stars). C. P. acknowledges fundings from the Swiss National Science Foundation (project Interacting Stars, number 200020-172505). P.E. has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 833925, project STAREX). W.H.B., G.D. and A.L. thanks the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) for support under grant ST/R0023297/1. This work has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (CartographY GA. 804752). The research leading to this paper has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC grant agreement No. 772293 for the project ASTEROCHRONOMETRY). This article used an adapted version of InversionKit, a software developed within the HELAS and SPACEINN networks, funded by the European Commissions’s Sixth and Seventh Framework Programmes.
© ESO 2022.
- Planetary systems
- Stars: fundamental parameters
- Stars: individual: HD 22532
- Stars: individual: HD 64121
- Stars: individual: HD 69123
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science