Controlling Soot Formation with Filtered EGR for Diesel and Biodiesel Fuelled Engines

SS Gill, Dale Turner, Athanasios Tsolakis, APE York

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)


Although exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is an effective strategy for controlling the levels of nitrogen oxides (NOX) emitted from a diesel engine, the full potential of EGR in NOX/PM trade-off and engine performance (i.e., fuel economy) has not fully been exploited. Significant work into the cause and control of particulate matter (PM) has been made over the past decade with new cleaner fuels and after-treatment devices emerging to comply with the current and forthcoming emission regulations. In earlier work, we demonstrated that engine operation with oxygenated fuels (e.g., biodiesel) reduces the PM emissions and extends the engine tolerance to EGR before it reaches smoke-limited conditions. The same result has also been reported when high cetane number fuels such as gas-to-liquid (GTL) are used. To further our understanding of the relationship between EGR and PM formation, a diesel particulate filter (DPF) was integrated into the EGR loop to filter the recirculated soot particulates. The control of the soot recirculation penalty through filtered EGR (FEGR) resulted in a 50% engine-out soot reduction, thus showing the possibility of extending the maximum EGR limit or being able to run at the same level of EGR with an improved NOX/soot trade-off.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4215-4222
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012


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