Context-aware GPS integrity monitoring for intelligent transport systems

T.a. Binjammaz, Ali H. Al-bayatti, Ashwaq Alhargan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The integrity of positioning systems has become an increasingly important requirement for location-based intelligent transport systems (ITS), for example electronic toll collection (ETC), public transport operations and traffic control services. In ITS, satellite navigation systems, such as global positioning system (GPS), are used to provide real-time vehicle positioning information including details of longitude, latitude, direction and speed. Map matching algorithms are used to integrate the positioning information into the digital road map. However, the navigation systems used in ITS cannot provide the high quality positioning information required by most services, due to the various types of errors made in the map matching process and experienced by GPS sensors such as signal outage, and errors due to atmospheric effects and receiver measurement errors, all of which are difficult to measure. An error in the positioning information or map matching process might lead to the inaccurate determination of a vehicle location. This could have legal or economic consequences for ITS applications such as traffic law enforcement systems (e.g., speed fining). Such applications require integrity when measuring the vehicle position and speed information and in the map matching process when locating the vehicle on the correct road segment to avoid errors when charging drivers. Consequently, the integrity algorithm for the navigation system should include a guarantee that the systems do not produce misleading or faulty information as this may lead to significant errors in the ITS services provided. In this paper, a high integrity GPS monitoring algorithm based on the concept of context-awareness that can be applied with real time ITS services to integrate changes in the integrity status of the navigation system was developed. Results suggest that the new integrity algorithm can support various types of location-based ITS services (e.g., route guidance).
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition)
Early online date14 Jan 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jan 2016


  • Speed integrity
  • GPS Doppler
  • Location-based ITS applications
  • GPS integrity
  • Map matching algorithms


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