Contesting citizenship in the Arab revolutions: youth, women and refugees

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Focusing on youth, women, and refugees in the context of the ongoing Arab revolutions, this article explores how constructions of citizenship are being challenged. More than 40 percent of the population in the Arab world is under the age of eighteen, and youth are expressing a strong civic motivation and agency for change. Second, with regard to women’s participation in the Arab revolutions, while highly visible on the Arab streets, to date they have been largely excluded from participating in subsequent more formal political processes. Third, the ensuing large refugee populations in the Arab world further challenge understandings of citizenship. This article proposes that exploring the role of youth, women, and refugees in contesting citizenship in the ongoing revolutions of the Arab world challenges not only conceptions of citizenship in the Arab world but also how we understand conceptions of civil society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-144
Number of pages16
JournalDemocracy and Security
Issue number2
Early online date4 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2015


  • Arab Revolutions
  • Citizenship
  • Civil Society
  • Refugees
  • Women
  • Youth


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