Consequences of prosocial and antisocial behavior for the recipient

Ali Salam Ali Al-yaaribi, Maria Kavussanu, Christopher Ring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
339 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Statement of problem

Although studies have examined antecedents of prosocial and antisocial behaviors in sport, little is known about the potential consequences of these behaviors for the recipient. In this research, we examined: (a) whether teammate prosocial and antisocial behaviors are related to athletes’ effort, performance, enjoyment and anger during a match and the mediating role of enjoyment and anger (Studies 1 and 2); and (b) whether prosocial and antisocial behaviors are related to commitment to play for one’s team and whether enjoyment and performance mediate these relationships (Study 2).

Method

Right after a game, football/soccer (N = 203; Study 1) and basketball (N = 281; Study 2) players completed a multi-section questionnaire measuring the aforementioned variables.

Results

Prosocial teammate behavior was positively related to effort, performance, and enjoyment, and enjoyment mediated the relationship between prosocial teammate behavior and effort and performance; prosocial teammate behavior was also positively related to commitment directly and indirectly through enjoyment and performance. Antisocial teammate behavior was positively related to anger and negatively related to effort and performance. Anger and performance mediated the effects of antisocial teammate behavior on effort and commitment, respectively.

Conclusions

Our findings demonstrate the importance of acting prosocially and not acting antisocially toward one’s teammates and may have implications for enjoyment, effort, performance, and commitment in sport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102–112
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume26
Early online date29 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Performance
  • Commitment
  • Enjoyment
  • Effort
  • Mediation

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