The intellectual life of Concha Zardoya (1914-2004) was deeply marked by its transnational dimension. While Chile was her country of birth, Spain was the place where her university education took place and the United States where her academic and intellectual career developed. The atmosphere of political repression experienced in the 1940s in Spain forced her to look for a new home in the USA. There she obtained her PhD, developing a successful academic career that spanned the next twenty-nine years of her life. Her work as a literary critic was, however, intrinsically linked to her work as a poet, which first began with the publishing of Pájaros del Nuevo Mundo in 1946. This article considers Zardoya’s poetry precisely in light of her experience as a political exile. The fact that her departure from Spain did not coincide with the mass exodus of 1939 has caused many critics to view her residence in the USA as “emigration.” My analysis will focus, instead, on the exilic dimension of her work as an act of affective citizenship, paying particular attention to three books of poetry written in America: Desterrado ensueño, Corral de vivos y muertos and Hondo Sur.
- affect as site of political resistance
- affective citizenship
- female academics
- Spanish poetry
- Franco’s dictatorship