Conceptualising energy use and energy poverty using a capabilities framework

Rosie Day, Gordon Walker, Simcock Neil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

210 Citations (Scopus)
348 Downloads (Pure)


In this article we conceptualise energy use from a capabilities perspective, informed by the work of Amartya Sen, Martha Nussbaum and others following them. Building on this, we suggest a corresponding definition of energy poverty, as understood in the capabilities space. We argue that such an understanding provides a theoretically coherent means of comprehending the relationship between energy and wellbeing, and thus conceptualising energy deprivation, that makes sense across settings including both the global North and South: a coherence which has previously been lacking. At the same time, it has the flexibility to be deployed in a way that is sensitive to local contexts. Understanding energy use in the capabilities space also provides a means for identifying multiple sites of intervention, including some areas that are currently largely overlooked. We argue that this is advantageous for attempts to address energy poverty in the context of climate change and imperatives for the containment of aggregate energy consumption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-264
JournalEnergy Policy
Early online date22 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • Energy Poverty
  • Fuel Poverty
  • Capabilities
  • Functionings
  • Energy services
  • Energy demand


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