Computational study on hemodynamic changes in patient-specific proximal neck angulation of abdominal aortic aneurysm with time-varying velocity

Yousif Algabri, Sorracha Rookkapan, Vera Gramigna, Daniel Espino, Surapong Chatpun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
142 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aneurysms are considered as a critical cardiovascular disease worldwide when they rupture. The clinical understanding of geometrical impact on the flow behaviour and biomechanics of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is progressively developing. Proximal neck angulations of AAAs are believed to influence the hemodynamic changes and wall shear stress (WSS) within AAAs. Our aim was to perform pulsatile simulations using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for patient-specific geometry to investigate the influence of severe angular (≥ 60) neck on AAA’s hemodynamic and wall shear stress. The patient’s geometrical characteristics were obtained from a computed tomography images database of AAA patients. The AAA geometry was reconstructed using Mimics software. In computational method, blood was assumed Newtonian fluid and an inlet varying velocity waveform in a cardiac cycle was assigned. The CFD study was performed with ANSYS software. The results of flow behaviours indicated that the blood flow through severe bending of angular neck leads to high turbulence and asymmetry of flows within the aneurysm sac resulting in blood recirculation. The high wall shear stress (WSS) occurred near the AAA neck and on surface of aneurysm sac. This study explained and showed flow behaviours and WSS progression within high angular neck AAA and risk prediction of abdominal aorta rupture. We expect that the visualization of blood flow and hemodynamic changes resulted from CFD simulation could be as an extra tool to assist clinicians during a decision making when estimation the risks of interventional procedures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-190
Number of pages10
JournalAustralasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Volume42
Issue number1
Early online date14 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • angulated neck
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • wall shear stress
  • hemodynamic
  • computed tomography

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