Computational fluid dynamics modelling of heat treatment of single crystal nickel based superalloys for turbine blade application

Francesco Cosentino*, Nils Warnken, Jean Christophe Gebelin, Robert W. Broomfield, Roger C. Reed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


A numerical model based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is developed to simulate the vacuum heat treatment of single crystal turbine blades. Radiation and forced convection heat transfer are taken into account to model ramping-up, holding and gas fan quenching. This enables quantitative predictions to be made of temperature fields inside a laboratory-scale vacuum furnace. The uniformity of the expected temperature field is studied with a particular aim to predict hot spots or locations with higher risk of incipient melting. Simulation of the gas fan quenching process allows estimation of the quench rate to be made as a function of position within the furnace and critical furnace processing parameters. The effect of quench rate and ageing time on the microstructure of RR3010 superalloy has been characterised using scanning electron microscopy. Two representative structures with different average 7′ size have been tested in creep in three temperature regimes and with three different level of stresses, in an attempt to gain better understanding of the influence of microstructure on creep performance. Our results indicate that at lower creep testing temperatures, larger γ′ size confers longer time to rupture; however, as the testing temperature increases, the influence of microstructure is less pronounced.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSuperalloys 2012 - Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Superalloys
PublisherWiley Interscience/John Wiley and Sons
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780470943205
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2012
Event12th International Symposium on Superalloys, Superalloys 2012 - Seven Springs, PA, United States
Duration: 9 Sept 201213 Sept 2012


Conference12th International Symposium on Superalloys, Superalloys 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySeven Springs, PA


  • CFD modelling
  • Creep
  • Heat treatment
  • Microstructure
  • RR3010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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