Projects per year
A rational monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based antitumor therapy approach has previously been shown to eradicate various established experimental and carcinogen-induced tumors in a majority of mice. This therapy comprised an agonistic mAb reactive with tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor (DR5), expressed by tumor cells, an agonistic anti-CD40 mAb to mature dendritic cells, and an agonistic anti-4-1BB mAb to costimulate CD8(+) T cells. Because agonists of CD40 have been toxic in patients, we were interested in substituting anti-CD40 mAb with other dendritic cell-maturing agents, such as glycolipid ligands recognized by invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells. Here, we show that CD1d-restricted glycolipid ligands for iNKT cells effectively substitute for anti-CD40 mAb and reject established experimental mouse breast and renal tumors when used in combination with anti-DR5 and anti-4-1BB mAbs (termed "NKTMab" therapy). NKTMab therapy-induced tumor rejection was dependent on CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, NKT cells, and the cytokine IFN-gamma. NKTMab therapy containing either alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GC) or alpha-C-galactosylceramide (alpha-c-GC) at high concentrations induced similar rates of tumor rejection in mice; however, toxicity was observed at the highest doses of alpha-GC (>250 ng/injection), limiting the use of this glycolipid. By contrast, even very low doses of alpha-c-GC (25 ng/injection) retained considerable antitumor activity when used in combination with anti-DR5/anti-4-1BB, and thus, alpha-c-GC showed a considerably greater therapeutic index. In summary, sequential tumor cell apoptosis and amplification of dendritic cell function by NKT cell agonists represents an exciting and novel approach for cancer treatment.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2007|
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- 1 Finished
Modulation of Immune Responses by aGalCer Analogues Through Differential Activation of CD1d-restricted NKT Cells
Besra, D. & Lammas, T.
1/06/05 → 30/11/09
Project: Research Councils