Combined Hypothermic and Normothermic Machine Perfusion Improves Functional Recovery of Extended Criteria Donor Livers

Yuri L Boteon, Richard W Laing, Andrea Schlegel, Lorraine Wallace, Amanda Smith, Joseph Attard, Ricky H Bhogal, Desley A H Neil, Stefan Hübscher, M Thamara P R Perera, Darius F Mirza, Simon C Afford, Hynek Mergental

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Hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE) and normothermic perfusion are seen as distinct techniques of ex situ machine perfusion of the liver. We aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of combining both techniques and whether it would improve functional parameters of donor livers into transplant standards. Ten discarded human donor livers had either 6 hours of normothermic perfusion (n = 5) or 2 hours of HOPE followed by 4 hours of normothermic perfusion (n = 5). Liver function was assessed according to our viability criteria; markers of tissue injury and hepatic metabolic activity were compared between groups. Donor characteristics were comparable. During the hypothermic perfusion phase, livers down-regulated mitochondrial respiration (oxygen uptake, P = 0.04; partial pressure of carbon dioxide perfusate, P = 0.04) and increased adenosine triphosphate levels 1.8-fold. Following normothermic perfusion, those organs achieved lower tissue expression of markers of oxidative injury (4-hydroxynonenal, P = 0.008; CD14 expression, P = 0.008) and inflammation (CD11b, P = 0.02; vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, P = 0.05) compared with livers that had normothermic perfusion alone. All livers in the combined group achieved viability criteria, whereas 40% (2/5) in the normothermic group failed (P = 0.22). In conclusion, this study suggests that a combined protocol of hypothermic oxygenated and normothermic perfusions might attenuate oxidative stress, tissue inflammation, and improve metabolic recovery of the highest-risk donor livers compared with normothermic perfusion alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1699-1715
Number of pages17
JournalLiver Transplantation
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2018


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