Coherent steering of nonlinear chiral valley photons with a synthetic Au–WS 2 metasurface

Guangwei Hu, Xuanmiao Hong, Kai Wang, Jing Wu, He-xiu Xu, Wenchao Zhao, Weiwei Liu, Shuang Zhang, Francisco Garcia-vidal, Bing Wang, Peixiang Lu, Cheng-wei Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)
414 Downloads (Pure)


Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) present extraordinary nonlinearities and direct bandgaps at the K and K′ valleys. These valleys can be optically manipulated through, for example, plasmon–valley-exciton coupling with spin-dependent photoluminescence. However, the weak coherence between the pumping and emission makes exploring nonlinear valleytronic devices based on TMDCs challenging. Here, we show that a synthetic metasurface, which entangles the phase and spin of light, can simultaneously enhance and manipulate nonlinear valley-locked chiral emission in monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS2) at room temperature. The second-harmonic valley photons, accessed and coherently pumped by light, with a spin-related geometric phase imparted by a gold (Au) metasurface, are separated and routed to predetermined directions in free space. In addition, the nonlinear photons with the same spin as the incident light are steered owing to the critical spin–valley-locked nonlinear selection rule of WS2 in our designed metasurface. Our synthetic TMDC–metasurface interface may facilitate advanced room-temperature and free-space nonlinear, quantum and valleytronic nanodevices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-472
Number of pages6
JournalNature Photonics
Issue number7
Early online date1 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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