Projects per year
Successful induction of B-cell activation and memory depends on help from CD4+ T cells. Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells (glycolipid-specific, CD1d-restricted innate lymphocytes) provide both cognate (direct) and noncognate (indirect) helper signals to enhance B-cell responses. Both forms of iNKT-cell help induce primary humoral immune responses, but only noncognate iNKT-cell help drives humoral memory and plasma cells. Here, we show that iNKT cognate help for B cells is fundamentally different from the help provided by conventional CD4+ T cells. Cognate iNKT-cell help drives an early, unsustained germinal center B-cell expansion, less reduction of T follicular regulatory cells, an expansion of marginal zone B cells, and early increases in regulatory IL-10-producing B-cell numbers compared with noncognate activation. These results are consistent with a mechanism whereby iNKT cells preferentially provide an innate form of help that does not generate humoral memory and has important implications for the application of glycolipid molecules as vaccine adjuvants.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||National Academy of Sciences. Proceedings|
|Early online date||21 Sept 2015|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Oct 2015|
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Cognate interaction with iNKT cells expands IL-10-producing B regulatory cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 1 Finished
Design, synthesis, and assessment of specific iNKT cell agonists for clinical applications
Besra, D., Cox, L., Cunningham, A. & Lammas, T.
1/03/12 → 29/02/16
Project: Research Councils