Coconut and sunflower oil ratios in ice cream influence subsequent food selection and intake

G. Rizzo, U. Masic, J.a. Harrold, Jennifer Norton, J.c.g. Halford

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The effect of coconut oil (CO, containing mainly medium chain triglycerides - MCTs) and sunflower oil (SO, containing mainly long chain triglycerides - LCTs) used as fat source (10% fat ice cream) in different ratios (25% CO and 75% SO - 25CO:75SO, 50% CO and 50% SO - 50CO:50SO, 75% CO and 25% SO - 75CO:25SO) was investigated to assess differences in appetite and ad-libitum (evening and snack) food intake using a single blind design. 36 healthy female participants consumed a fixed portion (150 g) of ice cream 45 min before an ad-libitum dinner and snacks. Appetite sensations were tracked across the day. Participants ate significantly less fat after 75CO:25SO than 25CO:75SO (p = 0.007) and there was also a trend for lower fat intake in this condition as compared to 50CO:50SO (p = 0.068). High fat savoury snack intake significantly decreased after 75CO:25SO in comparison with both 25CO:75SO (p = 0.038) and 50CO:50SO (p = 0.008). Calorie intake from snacks was also found to be significantly lower after 25CO:75SO and 50CO:50SO than 75CO:25SO (p = 0.021 and 0.030 respectively). There was no effect of condition on appetite or desire ratings over the day. Eating a standard portion of ice cream containing different ratios of MCTs and LCTs can modestly influence acute food selection and intake, with MCTs manifesting their effect earlier and LCTs later due to differences in the absorption and metabolism of these lipids. However, the differences evident in the present study were small, and require further research before firm conclusions can be drawn.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Early online date25 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Ice cream
  • Medium chain triglycerides
  • Long chain triglycerides
  • Food intake
  • Appetite


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