Clinical Features of Dominant and Recessive IFNy Receptor 1 Deficiencies

SE Dorman, C Picard, David Lammas, K Heyne, JT van Dissel, Richard Baretto, SR Rosenzweig, M Newport, M Levin, J Roesler, Dinakantha Kumararatne, J-L Casanova, SM Holland

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314 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Interferon gamma receptor 1 (IFNgammaR1) deficiency is a primary immunodeficiency with allelic dominant and recessive mutations characterised clinically by severe infections with mycobacteria. We aimed to compare the clinical features of recessive and dominant IFNgammaR1 deficiencies. METHODS: We obtained data from a large cohort of patients worldwide. We assessed these people by medical histories, records, and genetic and immunological studies. Data were abstracted onto a standard form. FINDINGS: We identified 22 patients with recessive complete IFNgammaR1 deficiency and 38 with dominant partial deficiency. BCG and environmental mycobacteria were the most frequent pathogens. In recessive patients, 17 (77%) had environmental mycobacterial disease and all nine BCG-vaccinated patients had BCG disease. In dominant patients, 30 (79%) had environmental mycobacterial disease and 11 (73%) of 15 BCG-vaccinated patients had BCG disease. Compared with dominant patients, those with recessive deficiency were younger at onset of first environmental mycobacterial disease (mean 3.1 years [SD 2.5] vs 13.4 years [14.3], p=0.001), had more mycobacterial disease episodes (19 vs 8 per 100 person-years of observation, p=0.0001), had more severe mycobacterial disease (mean number of organs infected by Mycobacterium avium complex 4.1 [SD 0.8] vs 2.0 [1.1], p=0.004), had shorter mean disease-free intervals (1.6 years [SD 1.4] vs 7.2 years [7.6], p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2113-21
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2004


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