Cleaning of thick viscoplastic surface deposits using an impinging jet: effect of process variables

Jessica Tuck, Federico Alberini, Dick Ward, Bill Gore, Peter Fryer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
172 Downloads (Pure)


Impinging jets are the tool of choice for cleaning mixing vessels. Layers of product can be left behind on the sides of these vessels. A range of thicknesses in the FMCG industries can be found; thick films are especially difficult to clean. Here data is presented for cleaning thick films (2 - 8 mm) with an impinging water jet. An imaging technique using ultra violet light has been developed to measure cleaning of these thick films as a function of time. Carbopol® 940 solution has been used as a model fluid, representing typical consumer goods, and food products. Cleaning takes place in four stages. For thick film cleaning, there is a delay between impingement and the start of cleaning, in which water is trapped below the deposit to form a blister. The time for the blister to burst was found to be a function of both deposit thickness and nozzle diameter. A stage of rapid cleaning was defined and analysed, with the rate of cleaning here correlating with the flow rate. There was mixed agreement when rapid cleaning data was fitted against previously reported cleaning models for thin films.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109699
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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