Chloro half-sandwich osmium(II) complexes: Influence of chelated N,N-ligands on hydrolysis, guanine binding, and cytotoxicity

Anna Peacock, A Habtemariam, SA Moggach, A Prescimone, S Parsons, PJ Sadler

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97 Citations (Scopus)


Relatively little is known about the kinetics or the pharmacological potential of organometallic complexes of osmium compared to its lighter congeners, iron and ruthenium. We report the synthesis of seven new complexes, [(eta(6)-arene)Os(NN)Cl](+), containing different bidentate nitrogen (N,N) chelators, and a dichlorido complex, [(eta(6)-arene)Os(N)Cl-2]. The X-ray crystal structures of seven complexes are reported: [(eta(6)-bip)Os(en)Cl]PF6 (1PF(6)), [(eta(6)-THA)Os(en)Cl]BF4 (2BF(4)), [(eta(6)-p-cym)Os(phen)Cl]PF6 (5PF(6)), [(eta(6)-bip)Os(dppz)Cl]PF6 (6PF(6)), [(eta(6)-bip)Os(azpy-NMe2)Cl]PF6 (7PF(6)), [(eta(6)-p-cym)Os(azpy-NMe2)Cl]PF6 (8PF(6)), and [(eta(6)-bip)Os(NCCH3-N)Cl-2] (9), where THA = tetrahydroanthracene, en = ethylenediamine, p-cym = p-cymene, phen = phenanthroline, bip = biphenyl, dppz = [3,2-a: 2',3'-c]phenazine and azpy-NMe2 = 4-(2-pyridylazo)-N,N-dimethylaniline. The chelating ligand was found to play a crucial role in enhancing aqueous stability. The rates of hydrolysis at acidic pH* decreased when the primary amine N-donors (NN = en, t(1/2) = 0.6 h at 318 K) are replaced with pi-accepting pyridine groups (e.g., NN = phen, t(1/2) = 9.5 h at 318 K). The Os-II complexes hydrolyze up to 100 times more slowly than their Ru-II analogues. The pK*(a) of the aqua adducts decreased with a similar trend (pK*(a) = 6.3 and 5.8 for en and phen adducts, respectively). [(eta(6)-bip)Os(en)Cl]PF6/BF4 (1PF(6)/BF4) and [(eta(6)-THA)Os(en)Cl]BF4 (2BF(4)) were cytotoxic toward both the human A549 lung and A2780 ovarian cancer cell lines, with IC50 values of 6-10 mu M, comparable to the anticancer drug carboplatin. 1BF(4) binds to both the N7 and phosphate of 5'-GMP (ratio of 2:1). The formation constant for the 9-ethylguanine (9EtG) adduct [(eta(6)-bip)M(en)(9EtG)](2+) was lower for Os-II (log K = 3.13) than Ru-II (log K = 4.78), although the Os-II adduct showed some kinetic stability. DNA intercalation of the dppz ligand in 6PF(6) may play a role in its cytotoxicity. This work demonstrates that the nature of the chelating ligand can play a crucial role in tuning the chemical and biological properties of [(eta(6)-arene)Os(NN)Cl](+) complexes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4049-4059
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2007


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