Chemical kinetic modeling of diethoxymethane oxidation: a carbon–neutral fuel

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Diethoxymethane (DEM) is a carbon–neutral fuel with high cetane number (57.3). A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for DEM oxidation covering low and high temperature reactions is first developed in this work. The reaction scheme and rate rules of DEM sub-mechanism are determined by the analogy method to n-heptane. Aramco 3.0 mechanism is used as a base mechanism to consider C0-C4 fuels while dimethoxymethane mechanism is included to ensure the mechanism compatibility and rate rule consistency. Thermodynamic and transport properties of new species in DEM sub-mechanism are computed by the methods of group additivity and properties correlation. The mechanism is validated against ignition delay times and premixed laminar flame speed measured by shock tube, rapid compression machine and spherical flame in combustion vessel. The verification covers a pressure range of 2~30 bar, an equivalence ratio range of 0.5~2.0, a temperature range of 540~1371 K. A satisfactory agreement between the experimental and computed results is observed, supporting the proposed reaction scheme and rate rules. Comparison of the ignition delay times between DEM and n-heptane indicates: (i) DEM is more reactive at low temperature (500~670 K) than n-heptane which favors low temperature combustion mode. (ii) DEM ignition delay times demonstrate monotonous temperature dependence at the full temperature regime but it is relatively independent of temperature at intermediate temperature (620~960 K). Therefore, a negative temperature coefficient (NTC) behavior is not observed in most conditions. (iii) DEM may not be an efficient chemical ignition source compared to n-heptane due to insufficient temperature increases and active radical accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120217
Number of pages17
Early online date5 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by Innovate UK (The Technology Strategy Board, TSB, No. 400176/149 ) and Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC, No. EP/P03117X/1). Runzhao Li also thanks to University of Birmingham for the award of a Ph.D. research scholarship (No. 1871018 ). This work is conducted in Future Engines & Fuels Lab, University of Birmingham. Special appreciations go to Dr. Véronique Dias in Institute of Mechanics, Materials and Civil Engineering (IMMC), Université catholique de Louvain for her invaluable discussion and guidance on diethoxymethane mechanism development in this work. The authors also thank Shenzhen Gas Corporation Ltd. for providing us the technical guidance. The authors are indebted to the reviewers of this article for their invaluable suggestions.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Carbon neutral fuels
  • Chemical kinetics
  • Diethoxymethane oxidation
  • Fuel reactivity
  • Mechanism development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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