Abnormal function of peripheral blood T lymphocytes is characteristic of RA; diminished proliferation and secretion of cytokines following in vitro mitogen stimulation are observed. We have investigated the calcium flux initiating T cell activation in rheumatoid peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to determine whether abnormalities in signalling are also present. We have found that both phytohaemagglutinin (PHA-P)- and anti-CD3-stimulated calcium fluxes were much reduced in the patients' PBMC compared with controls, with a mean six-fold difference (P <0.01) in rate of Ca2+ flux with PHA-P stimulation. When purified T cells were examined with PHA and CD3 stimulation, a reduction in the peak and plateau [Ca2+]i was observed in RA T cells, but the rate of rise of [Ca2+]i was only reduced in those cells stimulated with PHA. These results suggest that alterations in the initiating signal may underlie the functional T cell abnormalities associated with RA, and that there may be an additional extrinsic influence from non-T cells in the PBMC population.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical & Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1996|
- Antigens, CD3
- Arthritis, Rheumatoid