Chandra x-ray analysis of the massive high-redshift galaxy clusters C1J1113.1-2615

Benjamin Maughan, Laurence Jones, H Ebeling, E Perlman, P Rosati, C Frye, CR Mullis

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We present an analysis of Chandra observations of two high-redshift clusters of galaxies, Cl J1113.1-2615 at z = 0.725 and Cl J0152.7-1357 at z = 0.833. We find Cl J1113.1-2615 to be morphologically relaxed with a temperature of kT = 4.3(-0.4)(+0.5) keV and a mass (within the virial radius) of 4.3(-0.7)(+0.8) x 10(14) M-circle dot. Cl J0152.7-1357, by contrast, is resolved into a northern and southern subcluster, each massive and X-ray luminous, in the process of merging. The temperatures of the subclusters are found to be 5.5(-0.8)(+0.9) and 5.2(-0.9)(+1.1) keV, respectively, and we estimate their respective masses to be 6.1(-1.5)(+1.7) x 10(14) and 5.2(-1.4)(+1.8) x 10(14) M-circle dot within the virial radii. A dynamical analysis of the system shows that the subclusters are likely to be gravitationally bound. If the subclusters merge, they will form a system with a mass similar to that of the Coma Cluster. Two-dimensional modeling of the X-ray surface brightness reveals excess emission between the subclusters, suggestive, but not conclusive, evidence of a shock front. We make a first attempt at measuring the cluster M-T relation at z approximate to 0.8 and find no evolution in its normalization, supporting the previous assumption of an unevolving M-T relation when constraining cosmological parameters from cluster evolution studies. A comparison of the cluster properties with those of nearby systems also finds little or no evolution in the L-T relation, the gas fraction-T relation, the beta-T relation, or the metallicity. These results suggest that, in at least some massive clusters, the hot gas was in place, and containing its metals, at z approximate to 0.8 and thus that the clusters were assembled at redshifts significantly higher than z = 0.8, as predicted in low-Omega(M) models. We also highlight the need to correct for the degradation of the Chandra ACIS low-energy quantum efficiency in high-redshift cluster studies when the low-energy absorption is often assumed to be the Galactic value, rather than measured.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589
Number of pages1
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2003


  • cosmology : observations
  • X-rays : galaxies : clusters
  • intergalactic medium
  • galaxies : clusters : general
  • galaxies : high-redshift
  • galaxies : clusters : individual (Cl J0152.7-1357, Cl J1113.1-2615)


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