CFB cyclones at high temperature: Operational results and design assessment

R Dewil, Jan Baeyens, B Caerts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


Pressure drop and cut size measurements are reported for a full scale cyclone operating within a 58 MWth CFB-combustor unit at 775 degrees C. The paper reviews the vast number of equations to calculate the pressure drop and separation efficiency of cyclones, generally for operation at ambient temperature and at low C-s [<0.5]. None of the literature correlations predicts the pressure drop with a fair accuracy within the range of experimental operating conditions. The cut size d(50) can be estimated using direct empirical methods or using the Stokes number, Stk5o. Both methods were used to compare measured and predicted values of d(50). With the exception of Muschelknautz and Krambrock, none of the equations made accurate predictions. Finally, an alternative method to determine the friction factor of the pressure drop equation (Euler number, Eu) and of the cut size is proposed. The Eu number is determined from the geometry of common cyclones, and the derived value of Stk5o defines more accurate cut sizes. The remaining discrepancy of less than 5%, when compared with the measured values, is tentatively explained in terms of a reduced cyclone diameter due to the solids layer formed near its wall. Further measurements, mostly using positron emission particle tracking, elucidate the particle motion in the cyclone and both tracking results and the influence of the particle movement on Eu and Stk(50) will be discussed in a follow-up paper. (c) 2008 Chinese Society of Particuology and Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008


  • high loading
  • cyclone
  • high temperature
  • combustor


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