Lymphoid tissue inducer cells express a diverse array of tumor necrosis family ligands, including those that bind CD30 and the lymphotoxin 13 receptor. Both of these signaling pathways have been linked with B/T segregation in the spleen. In this study, we have dissected a lymphotoxin-independent CD30-dependent signal for the induction of expression of the T zone chemokine, CCL21. Reduced expression of CCL21 due to CD30 deficiency was functionally significant: mice deficient in both lymphotoxin and CD30 (dKO) signals had significantly smaller accumulations of lymphocytes in their splenic white pulp areas, with no evidence of focal aggregation of T cells. Furthermore, recruitment of wild-type CD4 T cells was poor in dKO mice compared with both wild-type or lymphotoxin-deficient mice. Phylogeny suggests that CD30 signals predated those through the lymphotoxin 0 receptor. We suggest that CD30 signals from lymphoid tissue inducer cells were a primitive mechanism to recruit and prime CD4 T cells. This would have been a stepping stone in the evolution of the highly organized lymphotoxin dependent B and T white pulp areas within which CD4-dependent memory Ab responses now develop. The Journal of Immunology, 2009, 182: 4771-4775.