Carotid plaque detection improves the predictive value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: The ARAPACIS Study

Basili Stefania, Lorenzo Loffredo, Daniele Pastori, Marco Proietti, Alessio Farcomeni, Anna Rita Vestri, Pasquale Pignatelli, Giovanni Davì, William R. Hiatt, Gregory Lip, Gino Roberto Corazza, Francesco Perticone, Francesco Violi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background and aims

Vascular disease (VD), as assessed by history of myocardial infarction or peripheral artery disease or aortic plaque, increases stroke risk in atrial fibrillation (AF), and is a component of risk assessment using the CHA2DS2-VASc score. We investigated if systemic atherosclerosis as detected by ultrasound carotid plaque (CP) could improve the predictive value of the CHA2DS2-VASc score.

Methods

We analysed data from the ARAPACIS study, an observational study including 2027 Italian patients with non-valvular AF, in whom CP was detected using Doppler Ultrasonography.

Results

VD was reported in 351 (17.3%) patients while CP was detected in 16.6% patients. Adding CP to the VD definition leaded to higher VD prevalence (30.9%).

During a median [IQR] follow-up time of 36 months, 56 (2.8%) stroke/TIA events were recorded. Survival analysis showed that conventional VD alone did not increase the risk of stroke (Log-Rank: 0.009, p = 0.924), while addition of CP to conventional VD was significantly associated to an increased risk of stroke (LR: 5.730, p = 0.017). Cox regression analysis showed that VD + CP was independently associated with stroke (HR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.05–3.01, p = 0.0318). Reclassification analysis showed that VD + CP allowed a significant risk reclassification when compared to VD alone in predicting stroke at 36 months (NRI: 0.192, 95% CI: 0.028–0.323, p = 0.032).

Conclusions

In non-valvular AF patients the addition of ultrasound detection of carotid plaque to conventional VD significantly increases the predictive value of CHA2DS2-VASc score for stroke.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-149
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume231
Early online date4 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Vascular disease
  • CHA2DS2-VASc score
  • Stroke
  • Carotid plaque

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