Cardiovascular telerehabilitation improves functional capacity, cardiorespiratory fitness and quality of life in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Diego Nacarato, Amanda Veiga Sardeli*, Lilian O. Mariano, Mara Patricia Traina Chacon-Mikahil

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The aim was to identify whether cardiovascular telerehabilitation programs (CV-T-REHAB) can improve functional capacity, cardiorespiratory fitness and quality of Life (QoL) to the same extent of presential rehabilitation (CV-P-REHAB) in older adults, by meta-analysis of previous studies. Methods: Literature search was conducted from October 2020 in 4 databases to select controlled trials of CV-T-REHAB effects on functional capacity (six-minute walk test [6MWT]), cardiorespiratory fitness (maximal oxygen consumption [V ̇O2max]), and QoL in older adults (> 50 years) and included new articles in April 2022. Results. CV-T-REHAB improved 6MWT (11.14m [CI95%=8.03;14.26], p65 years, but not in adults 65y.Thus, CV-T-REHAB can be a good alternative, when not the best option and might be considered especially for individuals with limited access to participate in face-to-face programs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Early online date5 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • telerehabilitation
  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • exercise therapy
  • physical and rehabilitation medicine
  • quality of life
  • physical fitness

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