Can slow-diffusing solute atoms reduce vacancy diffusion in advanced high-temperature alloys?

Kamal Nayan Goswami, Alessandro Mottura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
284 Downloads (Pure)


The high-temperature mechanical properties of precipitate-strengthened advanced alloys can be heavily influenced by adjusting chemical composition. The widely-accepted argument within the community is that, under certain temperature and loading conditions, plasticity occurs only in the matrix, and dislocations have to rely on thermally-activated climb mechanisms to overcome the barriers to glide posed by the hard precipitates. This is the case for γ′-strengthened Ni-based superalloys. The presence of dilute amounts of slow-diffusing solute atoms, such as Re and W, in the softer matrix phase is thought to reduce plasticity by retarding the climb of dislocations at the interface with the hard precipitate phase. One hypothesis is that the presence of these solutes must hinder the flow of vacancies, which are essential to the climb process. In this work, density functional theory calculations are used to inform two analytical models to describe the effect of solute atoms on the diffusion of vacancies. Results suggest that slow-diffusing solute atoms are not effective at reducing the diffusion of vacancies in these systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-199
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Early online date1 Sept 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014


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