Broadband connectivity, government policies, and open innovation: the crucial IT infrastructure contribution in Scotland

Sayed Abdul Majid Gilani*, Alessio Faccia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Broadband connectivity is now essential to ensure a competitive advantage for any business. The analysis of Scotland’s crucial IT infrastructure contribution supported the authors’ thesis that the Government plays a decisive role in Open Innovation ecosystems. Indeed, IT infrastructures are a clear case of market failure where remote areas will never be served by adequate connectivity without public support. The main contribution is the demonstration that the benefits of public intervention are sometimes required and beneficial to correct market distortions and generate positive spillovers in terms of collaboration in Open Innovation ecosystems. Another relevant contribution is a comprehensive analysis of the consistency of the evolution of the public policies that supported the IT Infrastructure in Scotland. Therefore, pivotal is the study of this case study that can be easily generalised to many other contexts where the Government addressed market failures and, at the same time, contributed to generating collaborative environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
3.1.2. 2007 In 2007, the European Commission (European Regional Development Fund) allocated just under 43 million Euros for the Lowlands and Uplands project (for example, Lowlands and Uplands area of Scotland) [64,65]. The European Regional Development Fund allowed the UK government to pledge in 2009 of delivering a minimum of 2 Mbps broadband to 100% of UK premises by 2012 [66–68]. However, the UK government scrapped this pledge due to continually missing targets (key milestones in achieving the commitment) in 2011 [66–68].

Similar to the Scottish Enterprise [115], the Scottish Government [116], through partnerships amongst departments/companies like Business Gateway, Skills Development Scotland, and Scottish Enterprise, offer businesses support in innovative solutions through collaboration opportunities with other companies and funding from the government/private institutions. As identified by various sources, most innovative solutions for businesses are linked to the availability and adoption/use of broadband of an appropriate speed and quality [10,14,23].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Broadband connectivity
  • Government policies
  • Open innovation
  • Scotland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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