Bridging the hydrodynamic Drude model and local transformation optics theory

Ruben Azinheira Alves, Ariel Guerreiro, Miguel Navarro-Cia

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The recent ability of plasmonic nanostructures to probe sub-nanometer and even atomic scales demands theories that can account for the nonlocal dynamics of the electron gas. The hydrodynamic Drude model (HDM) captures much of the microscopic dynamics of the quantum mechanical effects when additional boundary conditions are considered. Here, we revisit the HDM under the Madelung formalism to re-express its coupled system of equations as a single non-linear Schroedinger equation in order to have a natural quantum mechanical description of plasmonics. Specifically, we study the response of two overlapping nanowires with this formalism. We ensure that the new frame concurs with classical electrodynamics when the local response approximation holds in the plasmonic system by finding the correction needed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number235412
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number23
Early online date8 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020


  • conformal transformation
  • hydrodynamic Drude model
  • plasmonics


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