Blockchain, enterprise resource planning (ERP) and accounting information systems (AIS): research on e-procurement and system integration

Alessio Faccia, Pythagoras Petratos

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Abstract

Accounting information systems (AISs), the core module of any enterprise resource planning (ERP) system, are usually designed as centralised systems. Nowadays, the continuous development and applications of blockchain, or more broadly-distributed ledger technology (DLT), can change the architecture, overcome and improve some limitations of centralised systems, most notably security and privacy. An increasing number of authors are suggesting the application of blockchain technologies in management, accounting and ERPs. This paper aims to examine the emerging literature on this field, and an immediate result is that blockchain applications can have significant benefits. The paper’s innovative contribution and considerable objective are to examine if blockchain can be successfully integrated with AIS and ERPs. We find that blockchain can facilitate integration at multiple levels and better serve various purposes as auditing compliance. To demonstrate that, we analyse e-procurement systems and operations using case study research methodology. The findings suggest that DLT, decentralised finance (DeFI), and financial technology (FinTech) applications can facilitate integrating AISs and ERP systems and yield significant benefits for efficiency, productivity and security.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6792
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Accounting information systems
  • Blockchain accounting
  • E-business systems
  • E-procurement
  • ERP
  • Financial technology
  • Fintech
  • Information systems design
  • Triple entry accounting
  • Triple entry bookkeeping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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